From the 2020 National Academy of Sciences (NAS) 157th Annual Meeting- Picture from NAS' U.S. Kavli Frontiers of Sciences Symposium
Researchers, Left to Right:
Dr. Sarah Tuttle, Astronomer
Dr. Kathryn Clancey, Anthropologist
Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez, Trauma Psychologist
Dr. Rebecca Calisi Rodríguez, Neuroscientist
Dr. Lauren O'Connell, Biologist
Dr. Sushmita Roy, Computational Biologist
Dr. Hannah Wakeford, Astronomer
Dr. Eden King, I/O Psychologist
National Endowment for the Humanities Grant
With the Michigan Opera Theatre as the PI, Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez is a special advisor on the $175,000 National Endowment for the Humanities Grant, Transformation through the Arts.
As such, Dr. Gómez is involved in multiple panel discussions that will be filmed and freely available in late 2020 and early 2021 regarding the ballet Passage, Dance Theatre of Harlem and legendary co-founder Arthur Mitchell, and how the arts can help us all heal from violence and racism.
National Endowment of the Arts (NEA) Grant
With Eisenhower Dance Detroit (EDD) as the PI, Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez is research consultant of the $10,000 National Endowment of the Arts (NEA) Arts Project Grant, The Transparency Project.
As such, she is collaborating with EDD on a research study that will assess audience members' perceptions of contemporary dance and their role as patrons of the arts.
APHA 2020 Betty Cleckley Minority Issues Research Award
Dr. DeAnnah Byrd, Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez, and Dr. Lisa Ficker won the American Public Health Association Aging & Public Health Section 2020 Betty Cleckley Minority Issues Research Award for our manuscript, “Is It All About Racism? The Role of Avoidant Coping on Cardiovascular Health & Blood Pressure in Older Blacks."
The purpose of the award is to recognize individuals in aging and public health research who have made a significant impact on the lives of older people who are members of minority groups. Minimizing health disparities and improving access to health and long-term care services are important issues for minority populations in the U.S.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, & Medicine Sexual Harassment in Higher Ed Summit
Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez gave a talk and co-authored a poster at the 2nd Annual National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, & Medicine Action Collaborative to Prevent & Address Sexual Harassment in Higher Ed Summit
Talk: Cultural Betrayal Sexual Harassment Against Black Undergraduates: Implications for Addressing Power & Inequality in Higher Ed, beginning at 2:41, (Gómez, 2020)
Poster: Sexual Harassment & The Sciences: How The Data Can Inform Local & National Policy (Albright, Gómez, & Martinez, 2020)
Interviewed for Jessica Gold's article in Forbes Magazine, 8 Things Mental Health Experts Want You To Know On World Mental Health Day.
"According to Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez, Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology and Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child & Family Development (MPSI) at Wayne State University, having good mental health does not mean you are happy all of the time. She pointed out that a wide range of emotions from sadness to anger to grief are “integral parts to being alive.” Listing many triggers in our environment including Covid-19 and police violence, Dr. Gómez noted that reacting happily after experiencing any of those things directly or indirectly would be abnormal. She added, 'If you’re struggling, there’s nothing inherently wrong with you.'"
Count 9 Podcast: From Ballerina to Professor
Interviewed by Ben Goodly for his Count 9 podcast regarding the career transition from professional ballet dancer with Dance Theatre of Harlem to the academic career as an assistant professor, researcher, and trauma psychologist at Wayne State University.
What I learned "...direct from Mr. Mitchell: buck against the system. Of just you cannot, cannot wait for things to be equal enough and for oppression to be eradicated. And wait for me to walk in the room as a Black woman and have people assume I'm a professor before I get up to speak. I cannot wait for those things to happen. I have to just do it anyways. And I think it's the biggest lesson from him and then from what he's done with Dance Theatre of Harlem, that you just do it anyways. And when you're doing it anyways, change is happening. Things do become more equal by your presence of just kind of pretending that you belong and that people want you here. Even when you're not sure that's true, because of racism or sexism."--Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
WSU Academy of Scholars Junior Faculty Award
"The Academy of Scholars is committed to recognizing outstanding excellence in scholarship and in creative achievement of the faculty members at Wayne State University. The Academy's founding purpose was and has remained to raise the scholastic prestige of the university by bringing the most prominent academic experts to campus under its aegis and to create a community of scholars from among its most celebrated researchers...This [Outstanding Junior Faculty] award is given annually on the basis of outstanding academic accomplishments to 3 or 4 junior faculty members...You were selected from a group of excellent candidates based on their nomination dossiers and independent evaluation letters, which our selection committee collected."
APA Division 56 Award
Along with Dr. Joan Cook, awarded the American Psychological Association (APA) Division 56 2020 Award for Media Contributions to the Field of Trauma Psychology.
"This award recognizes the creators of media presentations for lay audiences that educate the public in a scientifically sound manner about the psychology of trauma."
Interviewed for Danielle Campoamor's article in NBC News, Coronavirus Catcalling Is Real. Mask or No Mask, Harassment Is All About Power:
“'Street harassment, like all forms of sexual and gender violence, are fundamentally about power and reinforcing inequality,' Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez, a trauma psychologist and assistant professor in psychology at Wayne State University, said. 'Sexualizing a woman or girl in public through street harassment reduces her to an object for others' consumption. Meaning, she is stripped of her full humanity and instead reduced to simply a physical or sexual thing whose purpose is men's pleasure.'"
Interviewed for Mallory Creveling's article in Shape Magazine, How to Tap Into Your 5 Senses to Find Peace and Be Present:
"'[Grounding techniques] help to remind you physically and physiologically of where you are,' says Jennifer M. Gómez, Ph.D., assistant professor in the department of psychology and Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child & Family Development at Wayne State University. 'It's like a release—a switch to turn off the light on all the stress and to be in a place of less chatter and anxiety.'...Gómez and Exelbert both say those who've experienced trauma, such as sexual assault or police violence or aggression, may benefit most from this grounding technique. That's why it could be especially helpful right now, for anyone who's witnessing police brutality and biases in real-time on TV, and it's causing them to re-live a past experience. 'There can be times where you have flashbacks, a sort of movie re-playing in your head of the same event, so even though the event stopped, you might re-experience it like it's new,' explains Gómez. 'Thinking about what you're seeing, hearing, or smelling gets you into the present,' and out of the re-play."
Interviewed for Jenna Birch's article in Huffington Post, What Not To Stay To Someone Who Has Experienced Racial Trauma:
"You can think of racial trauma as the psychological and physical impacts of racism, both interpersonal and structural, according to Jennifer M. Gómez, assistant professor of psychology at Wayne State University and a faculty member at the university’s Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child & Family Development. Acts that can trigger racial trauma range from slurs and open discrimination to health care disparities and police profiling, Gómez said. Racial trauma has 'similar outcomes to domestic violence, like depression, anxiety, hypervigilance, PTSD, insomnia, physical health problems, the gamut,' she explained."
Encouraging Bravery & Fortitude in Dismantling the Insidious Stronghold of Racism was published in The Hill.
"The process of institutional courage needs to be intentional, deliberate, and iterative. We must acknowledge, address, and correct this oppression. We must systematically and critically take an inventory of discriminatory practices in policing, voting, education, housing, health care, and employment. And then we must act to change these practices individually, systemically, and culturally...And of course, while radical healing in communities of color can and should happen amidst oppression, we can't underestimate the value of actual change and actual equality in promoting healing for individuals, communities, and society. Thus, such institutional courage can mean that this societal moment, instead of being fleeting, is a turning point that leads us to the right side of justice and healing."--Dr. Joan Cook & Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
Interviewed for Jessica Gold's article in Forbes Magazine, Feeling Anxious About Wearing A Mask? Here Are 5 Ways To Overcome It:
"Dr. Gómez says for some people with a history of trauma, like sexual abuse in childhood or domestic violence, wearing a mask may remind them of the trauma. For example, for someone who during a sexual assault was unable to breathe because the perpetrator was covering their mouth and nose, when they put on a mask, it can bring up that same fear and fright, even if they are not consciously thinking about their sexual assault. According to Dr. Gómez, 'the body remembers such traumas implicitly. So, again, your body is overreacting because it thinks you're unsafe and it wants you to do something about it.' Your body is simply protecting you...Dr. Gómez adds 'being uncomfortable, scared, or triggered is nothing to be ashamed of. All we can ask for from ourselves is to try our best. And you, your safety, and the safety of others is worth your trying and re-trying to teach your body that the mask is safe to wear.'"
"This notion of Toxic Femininity makes Black women and girls responsible for Black men’s sexually abusive behavior. The truth, however, is more straightforward: Black men are responsible for their own behavior, with rape not being an inevitable by-product of Blackness or maleness. At the same time, Black women and girls are never responsible for Black men’s behavior — no matter what they say or don’t say, do or don’t do, wear or don’t wear. Black women and girls have been and continue to be sexually abused at alarmingly high rates because of people and cultural norms that perpetrate and condone such abuse — not because of anything they’re doing wrong....Many Black men do not sexually abuse anyone in any way and do not condone such behavior. What about all those Black men? What can they do?...Know that your capability of not sexually abusing anyone is the same capability that all Black men have — including those who rape. Do not provide excuses for Black men who rape."--Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez & Dr. Robyn L. Gobin.
Interviewed for Joan Cook's article in Newsweek, The Black Lives Matter Protests Are Running on Much More Than Anger:
"The tragedies that we're witnessing are neither new nor isolated. And, of note, they haven't stopped, even though videos have made it possible for the world to be watching and condemning the government-sanctioned violence against black people in the U.S. The difference is this moral elevation, this action-oriented hope, that has resulted in so many of us coming together to fight for justice. And, at long last, for some of us to finally listen and bear witness to the anti-black hate and violence that so many of us for so many years have been sharing without being believed...What should be completely depressing engenders action-oriented hope...When truth of depravity is finally acknowledged, we discover avenues for enacting change on large and small scales. Witnessing those actions in ourselves and others gives us this moral elevation that makes life worthier of living."
Interviewed for Jessica Gold's article in Forbes Magazine, How To Protect Your Mental Health Even While Watching The News:
"Dr. Gómez notes that while we generally 'need' to be informed, we do not 'need' to have our sleep interrupted, to watch videos of violence and murder, or to only know of the bad things that are happening in the world. In fact, she believes we watch and keep watching, in some way looking for hope or positive news, especially currently. She adds, 'the need for hope is perhaps stronger than any other need we think we have for staying informed.'"
Interviewed for Kylie Gilbert's and Alexandra Whittaker's article in InStyle Magazine, How To Tell Your Boss You Need A Mental Health Day:
"Today, we again find ourselves living in a similar time of high-profile agony, from the million cuts of a work colleague remarking, in disbelief, that, as a Black person, you speak so well, to Black people getting beaten and killed in the streets and their homes with impunity...Though these realities are even older than the United States of America itself, the weight of the injustices, including deaths, can reach a level so toxic that taking care of our souls, spirits, psyches, minds, and bodies must take priority...We can fit a mental health day into a...piece that works for us."--Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
Interviewed for Kylie Gilbert's article in InStyle Magazine, How To Check In On Your Black Friends & Coworkers:
"The onslaught of media and videos showing threats, beatings, and murders can be overwhelmingly painful. Because racist violence is not new, some Black people have learned how to cover up their ongoing fears, stress, and mental health problems related to racism...Reaching out is about opening a door of communication. It is up to the other person if, when, and how they’d like to go through that door with you...Remember: racism divides us. Humble, genuine solidarity can reunite us.”--Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
Center for Institutional Courage
Founded by nationally-renowned trauma researcher, Dr. Jennifer J. Freyd, the Center for Institutional Courage is a non-profit organization that uses research and community engagement to identify ways for organizations to engage in institutional courage, thus making them more
accountable, equitable, healthy places for everyone.
The Michigan Center for Urban African American Aging Research (MCUAAAR) Grant
Along with fellow Co-PI, Dr. Samuele Zilioli, Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez received a $25,000 MCUAAAR Grant for their study, Cultural Betrayal Trauma as a Novel Social Determinant of Cardiovascular Disease among Urban African American Elders.
Weinstein trial begs a question: Why is the pain of women and minorities often ignored? was published in The Conversation, which is a news outlet for researchers to translate their work for a non-academic audience of over 10 million users.
"Cultural betrayal trauma theory explains how marginalized women pay an additional price when they experience violence at the hands of marginalized men. This is within-group violence — for instance, when a black man sexually assaults a black woman or girl. Implicit with that kind of violence is a cultural betrayal. The supposed solidarity between survivor and perpetrator against forces of discrimination is shattered.To keep that perception intact, black women are expected to cover for black men who abuse them. So they suffer in silence – otherwise, the black community, already harmed by racism, is impugned."--Dr. Anne DePrince & Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
As of 30 August 2020, the article has over 7,000 readers.
Michigan Humanities Council Grant
With Michigan Opera Theatre as the PI, Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez was a special advisor on the $15,000 Michigan Humanities Council Grant, Taking the Stage—The Changing Voice of Opera & Dance.
As such, Dr. Gómez gave talks about how co-founder, Arthur Mitchell, and Dance Theatre of Harlem use the arts to promote equality to The Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, Michigan Opera Theatre, and Detroit Public Schools.
The Unique Harm of Sexual Abuse in the Black Community was published in The Conversation, which is a news outlet for researchers to translate their work for a non-academic audience of over 10 million users.
"The body of research to date suggests that cultural betrayal may be a unique harm within violence in minority populations, including the black community. As such, the alleged sexual traumas perpetrated by R. Kelly and Clarence Thomas have a cultural betrayal that isn’t found in Woody Allen’s alleged abuse. Moreover, black men’s death threats against Tarana Burke are (intra)cultural pressure that is laced with misogynoir, or sexism in the black community."--Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
The research study featured in this article is Isn’t It All About Victimization? (Intra)cultural Pressure and Cultural Betrayal Trauma in Ethnic Minority College Women (Gómez, 2018).
Also published on the International Society for Research on Aggression (ISRA) Blog and Blavity, featured on Today@Wayne, and re-published by over 15 other news outlets.
As of 17 November 2020, the article has 632,200 readers.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, & Medicine Sexual Harassment in Higher Ed Summit
Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez was an invited plenary panelist at the 1st Annual National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, & Medicine Action Collaborative to Prevent & Address Sexual Harassment in Higher Ed Summit
19-20 November 2019
Discrimination, Violence, & Healing in Marginalized Communities
Co-Editors: Jennifer M. Gómez, Ph.D., Robyn L. Gobin, Ph.D., & Melissa L. Barnes, M.S.
Goal: to understand the joint impact of discrimination and interpersonal trauma on minorities
Projected Publication: Spring 2021
Gender Discrimination: Professors Are/Not Professors
In an attempt to uphold gender discrimination, University of Oregon (UO) is insisting that professors do not hold the same job re the Freyd vs. UO lawsuit.
"UO is actively promoting gender discrimination through its legal team’s argument that professors do not hold the same job. If upheld, this ruling has the potential to undermine equality for women and minority faculty at UO and across the nation for decades to come.
Though I can’t prevent UO from its behavior in this case, there are people at UO right now who can. From President Michael Schill to General Counsel Kevin Reed to the board of trustees. It’s not too late. UO could still choose to live up to its mission of equity and inclusion. If for no other reason, UO could remember that its reputation as a top public university is on the line. Gender equality matters at universities like UO.
The world is watching."--Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
Change.org Petition of Support for Dr. Freyd
7 November 2019
Project on Institutional Courage
This is our vision:
- To create the world’s premier interdisciplinary research center on institutional courage
- To create more open, honest, equitable institutions in which all people can thrive
- To facilitate and promote breakthroughs of institutional courage around the world
Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez was interviewed by Julia Carpenter for her CNN Business article, Serena Williams' Nike ad exposes the double standards women face at work.
"Women in the workplace are tasked with the additional work of managing these perceptions, Gómez says.
"So much time is spent worrying adapting your speech and figuring out what to say and how you can say it differently and that is taking away from time and energy and effort for your job," she says. "It's a job for you to figure out 'how can I say this in this meeting without people painting me in this emotion corner?' and I think the trap with that is that it's not in the woman's control."
25 February 2019
Who's Betraying Who? R. Kelly, Sexual Violence, & The Dismissal of Black Women & Girls
"The second truth is where it seems we consistently get into trouble: The rape of Black women and girls does matter. . . As a Black female clinical psychologist, I have coined the term cultural betrayal to describe instances where violence happens within the Black community. . . Nevertheless, in these discussions of sexual violence, often what is termed “betrayal” is something quite different. . . We must ask ourselves why."--Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
As of 24 May 2019, this article has received over 700 views.
25 August 2019
Cultural Betrayal Trauma Video
In this short video, Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez discusses Cultural Betrayal Trauma Theory and the article, Isn't It All About Victimization? (Intra)Cultural Pressure and Cultural Betrayal Trauma in Ethnic Minority College Women, which was published in Violence Against Women.
As of 14 June 2020, this video has been viewed 700 times
National Academy of Sciences' 30th Annual U.S. Kavli Frontiers of Science
Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez received an invitation from National Academy of Sciences (NAS) to attend the NAS' 30th Annual U.S. Kavli Frontiers of Science Symposium.
This symposium series is the NAS' premiere activity for distinguished young scientists.
Attendees are selected by a committee of Academy members from among young researchers who have already made recognized contributions to science, including recipients of major national fellowships and awards and who have been identified as future leaders in science.
From Today@Wayne Press Release:
“I’m not surprised that Jennifer was invited to this high-level scientific meeting given the quality of her scholarship and her passion for groundbreaking research,” said Ambika Mathur, associate provost for STWD and dean of the Graduate School. “Being part of the Kavli Symposium and her appointment as a Ford Fellow marks an important milestone in the PFT experience at Wayne State, and we are so proud of her impressive accomplishments."
Open Essay on Gender Discrimination, Freyd's Lawsuit, & Recommendations for Universities
"There are few emotions as potent as those caused by the pain of watching someone you respect, admire, and care for be discriminated against. Understanding how this discrimination, which feels so isolated and personal, actually is endemic of academia’s dirty little secret of systemic gender discrimination—contributing to the leaky pipeline for women—is more painful still."--Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
As of 25 August 2019, the open essay has been viewed over 700 times.
Black Women & #MeToo
Op-ed comparing Ford/Kavanaugh with Anita Hill/Clarence Thomas: "Black Women & #MeToo: The Violence of Silencing" translates research on cultural betrayal trauma theory to the general public.
"Following a quarter of a century - from the testimonies of Anita Hill, J.D., to Dr. Christine Blasey Ford - the U.S. is still struggling: with both how not to violate women, as well as how not to silence them. More difficult still is attuning to the crosshairs that Black women additional face related to race, class, gender expression, sexual orientation, religion, disability, nation of origin, and the intersection of these and other identities. Through centralizing various forms of oppression in addressing sexual violence against Black women, I can only hope that in 2045 - 27 years from now, we are not still haunted with these same ghosts of violence, silencing, and denial of Black women’s experiences."--Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez was interviewed by Julia Carpenter for her CNN Business article, Minority employees are often asked to work double-duty.
This "double shift" is common in many workplaces. White, cisgender or straight colleagues may be fearful of accidentally saying the wrong thing. So instead, they task employees of different races, backgrounds or sexual orientations with the "diversity work" that otherwise wouldn't get done.
"I don't think people realize how much emotional time it takes and how much physical time it takes," says Jennifer Gómez, . . . Wayne State University. "I believe that oftentimes it's seen as 'It's not my issue. I'm a white person. Racism isn't my issue. It's not about me. It's about those people over there.' and really, diversity and equity is everyone's responsibility."
Ford Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship
Awarded the Ford Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, administered by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, & Medicine
From Wayne State University Graduate School article:
"Being a PFT fellow is truly a dream job for me as a junior researcher who wants to make my career at Wayne State,” says Gómez. The Ford Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship will support her work in developing and validating a culturally sensitive measure of CBTT on black emergent adults. “Known as the Cultural Betrayal Multidimensional Inventory,” she explains, “this measure will engender needed research on mental health and personal growth in black people who experience both violence and discrimination.”
United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs
With Help Not Handcuffs, Inc., presented Institutional Betrayal Against People Who Use Drugs as part of the panel, How The Treatment/Recovery Narrative Perpetuates Harm and Human Rights Violations at the 61st Session of the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs in Vienna, Austria.
As of 25 August 2019, this video has been viewed over 100 times
Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez was interviewed by Julia Carpenter for her CNN Money article, The 'Emotional Tax' Afflicting Women of Color at Work.
This is where offices and managers can step in to lift the burden, experts say. The first step is focusing on retention as well as recruitment.
"Don't just focus on getting people here, but listening when they are here," Gómez says. "Sometimes in the workplace it can be 'OK, we have two women of color on staff, they're gonna be in charge of the diversity committee and they're gonna fix it.' If we want to make this workplace one that isn't rife with racism, sexism, and sexual harassment, then it's all of our jobs."
NIH NICHD Trainee Award
Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez was a Trainee Award for the 2018 Summer Training Institute for Research in Child Abuse and Neglect, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Featured in the Wayne State University Spotlight on Postdoctoral Scholar Series for Cultural Betrayal Trauma Theory
"Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez, MPSI’s new post-doctoral fellow, has revealed yet another critical factor: cultural betrayal. . . 'If a Black woman is raped by a Black man, the racial loyalty is also disrupted. A member of her ‘group’ has turned on her,' Dr. Gómez said. These effects happen in ethnic minority groups, because years of racial oppression by 'outsiders' can foster deep loyalty between members. Members unite for support, validation and a sense of community. This circle of trust can be protective and secure. When within-group violence between members breaks this (intra)cultural trust, though, the effects of this cultural betrayal trauma can intensify. The victim may feel shunned by the group that used to protect her. She may have no safe haven, no one to trust."
Top 10 Most Cited Article of 2016
Are Hallucinations Related to Betrayal Trauma Exposure? A Three-Study Exploration among the top 10 most cited articles of 2016 in Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, & Policy
Authors: Jennifer M. Gómez, Laura A. Kaehler, & Jennifer J. Freyd
Outstanding Dissertation in the Field of Trauma Psychology
National Center for Institutional Diversity (NCID): Diversity Scholars Network
"Members of the Network are identified for their commitment and contribution to diversity research and scholarship." - Diversity Scholars Network
Best Article of 2016
"Shifting the focus: Nonpathologizing approaches to healing from betrayal trauma through an emphasis on relational care" won the Richard P. Kluft Award for Journal of Trauma & Dissociation 2016 Best Article!
Authors: Jennifer M. Gómez, Jenn Lewis, Laura K. Noll, Alec Smidt, & Pamela Birrell
"This article provides an excellent framework for understanding the complexities of working with survivors of trauma. It successfully describes the danger in pathologizing reactions to extreme stress and discusses an adaptive treatment model, relational cultural therapy, that emphasizes the importance of the relationship when working with survivors. The article incorporates both empirically supported treatment options as well as influences from all spheres of the socioecological model, including the importance of empowerment, in treating individuals who have experienced complex trauma." -JTD Selection Committee
As of 25 August 2019, the article has received over 6,750 views.
Cited in Annual Report of the Director of Public Health
The above article was quoted in the Annual Report of the Director of Public Health, Adverse Childhood Experiences, Resilience and Trauma Informed Care: A Public Health Approach to Understanding and Responding to Adversity. (Scotland)
"There is a risk that professionals are seen as placing the ‘pathology of trauma within the individual - often an individual who has been deeply betrayed - instead of within the person(s) or environment(s) responsible for the betrayal’121. Gomez et al argue that ‘a nonpathologising model of trauma takes the stance that the abnormality is generally in the situation rather than the person. When the trauma is relational, it is the nature of the act that is unhealthy and not the individual who has experienced the act.’"--p. 52
My dissertation on cultural betrayal trauma theory is featured in The Association of Black Psychologists Student Circle Research webpage.
Editorial on APA and the Hoffman Report
"Collusion, Torture, and Inequality: Understanding the Actions of the American Psychological Association as Institutional Betrayal" has been published in the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation.
Authors: Jennifer M. Gómez, Carly P. Smith, Robyn L. Gobin, Shin Shin Tang, & Jennifer J. Freyd
As of 25 August 2019, the article has received over 3,400 views.
University of Oregon Graduate School ran a feature on my work with cultural betrayal trauma theory, entitled, "A Promising Scholar’s path from ballet to her own theory about culture and betrayal in trauma."
"Gómez consulted Crenshaw’s Theory of Intersectionality, bell hooks Education as a Practice of Freedom, Audre Lorde’s Sister Outsider, and Freyd’s Betrayal Trauma Theory for her dissertation, which argues that within-group violence for minorities is uniquely harmful because of existing oppression . . . Cultural Betrayal Trauma Theory . . . hypothesizes that the harm of traumas such as physical assault, sexual assault, child abuse, incest, and domestic violence can be exacerbated by a cultural betrayal implicit in within-group violence in minority populations and associated with diverse outcomes, such as PTSD, depression, and internalized prejudice."- University of Oregon Graduate School.
Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez
2020, Co-PI: The Michigan Center for Urban African American Aging Research (MCUAAAR); $25,000
2018, PI: Ford Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship- National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, & Medicine; $45,000
2015, PI: Ford Foundation Dissertation Fellowship- National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, & Medicine; $25,000
2020, PI: Wayne State University Research Grant; $10,000
2020, PI: Wayne State University Start Up Funds; $6,000