HOPE Lab

HOPE Lab Description

PI: Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez

I named my research laboratory The HOPE Lab to highlight that our work is not unilaterally depressing, but instead provides a needed mirror of pain, strength, and healing to some of our country’s most silenced.

As the creator of Cultural Betrayal Trauma Theory (CBTT), we use this framework for researching the impact of violence in the context of inequality primarily in youth, young adults, and elders in order to identify avenues of hope & healing for individuals, families, communities, and society.

Current Projects

Book Project- Cultural Betrayal, Sexual Abuse, & Healing for Black Women & Girls: From Black Lives Matter to MeToo

During my time as a CASBS Fellow at Stanford University (2021-22), I am writing my first academic book: Working title, Cultural Betrayal, Sexual Abuse, & Healing for Black Women & Girls: From Black Lives Matter to MeToo (Publisher: APA Books).

Cultural Betrayal will be the first book to use the CBTT research to contribute to academic and national discussions regarding anti-Black racism and sexual violence. Specifically, I will synthesize the quantitative and qualitative CBTT research that encompasses five data sets of diverse Black young women who have experienced cultural betrayal sexual trauma in their lives. In doing so, I will directly address the specific bind placed on Black women and girls to protect the Black community while Black men sexually violate them. Through utilizing critical race theory (e.g., Bell, 1995) and structural intersectionality (Crenshaw, 1991) to theoretically integrate anti-Black racism and sexual violence together as two branches of intertwined contemporary social issues, I will also identify concrete ways forward, with a focus on healing and social justice on individual, familial, community, cultural, institutional, and societal levels.

With CBTT (Gómez, 2020b) as the foundation, this book will incorporate four literatures—structural intersectionality (Crenshaw, 1991), sexual violence against Black women and girls (e.g., Gómez & Gobin, 2020), cultural competency in clinical and extra-therapeutic intervention (e.g., French et al., 2020; Miller & Stiver, 1997), and institutional change (e.g., Freyd, 2014; Freyd & Smidt, 2019). Though seemingly ambitious, this roster is the logical next step in person-centering Black women and girls, thus providing a single resource for understanding and addressing sexual violence on individual, institutional, and societal levels.

Author: Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez

ENRICH Study: Experimental Study of Violence & Race in High School

  • Participants: N = 3,150 Black Young Adults; White Young Adults
  • Experimental Vignette Design
  • Correlational Design
  • Select Constructs: Teacher/Student, Black/White High School Sexual Violence Vignette, Perpetrator/Victim Responsibility, Perceived Title IX Applicability, (Intra)Cultural Pressure, Violence History, Mental Health

Data Analysis

PI: Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez; Experimental Vignette Design: Breanne Helmers & Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez

Cultural Betrayal Multidimensional Inventory for Black American Young Adults (CBMI-BAYA)

Participants: Predominantly White University (N = 300); HBCU (N = 200); Community (N = 300)

Questionnaires

  • (intra)cultural trust
  • (intra)cultural support
  • (intra)cultural pressure
  • cultural betrayal
  • violence & racial discrimination
  • posttraumatic growth

Data Analysis

Collaborators: Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez & Dr. Lars Johnson

SUID HEAL Study: Suicidality, Disclosure, & Healing 

  • Participants: N = 600 Black Young Adults; Desi Young Adults
  • Correlational Design
  • Select Constructs: Violence History, Suicidality [ideation, attempts], Disclosure of Violence History & Suicidality, Mental Health [dissociation, depression, anxiety], Hope, Posttraumatic Growth, Qualitative: What is CBTT?

Data Collection

PI: Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez  

CARA Study: Cardiovascular Disease & Cultural Betrayal Trauma in Black Middle Age & Older Adults

  • Participants: N = 400 Black Adults 40 years+ old
  • Correlational Design
  • Select Constructs: Violence History, Racial discrimination, Non-Suicidality Self Injury, Mental Health, Self-Reported Physical Health, Cardiovascular Disease Indicators 

Data Collection

Co-PIs: Dr. Samuele Zilioli & Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez

Betrayal & Sexual Abuse in the Catholic Church

Collaborators: Post-Bac Logan Zelenak and Dr. Jennifer M. Gómez

Research Design

Research Opportunities

Graduate students are involved in research through: 

  • collaborating on current projects
  • adding measures to data collections
  • earning the opportunity to lead projects that incorporate constructs of interest with a focus on CBTT in marginalized youth, young adults, and elder populations.
  • collaborating on current projects
  • adding measures to data collections
  • earning the opportunity to lead projects that incorporate constructs of interest with a focus on CBTT in marginalized youth, young adults, and elder populations.

See Current Students section for more information.

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